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¿Cómo se cambia el color del borde en un cuadro de grupo?

En C # .NET estoy tratando de cambiar programáticamente el color del borde en un cuadro de grupo.

Actualización: Esta pregunta se hizo cuando estaba trabajando en un sistema winforms antes de cambiarnos a .NET.

22
Amy Patterson

Sobre la base de la respuesta anterior, una mejor solución que incluye la etiqueta para el cuadro de grupo:

groupBox1.Paint += PaintBorderlessGroupBox;

private void PaintBorderlessGroupBox(object sender, PaintEventArgs p)
{
  GroupBox box = (GroupBox)sender;
  p.Graphics.Clear(SystemColors.Control);
  p.Graphics.DrawString(box.Text, box.Font, Brushes.Black, 0, 0);
}

Es posible que desee ajustar la x/y para el texto, pero para mi uso, esto es correcto.

19
Mick Bruno

Simplemente agregue el evento Paint.

    private void groupBox1_Paint(object sender, PaintEventArgs e)
    {
        GroupBox box = sender as GroupBox;
        DrawGroupBox(box, e.Graphics, Color.Red, Color.Blue);
    }


    private void DrawGroupBox(GroupBox box, Graphics g, Color textColor, Color borderColor)
    {
        if (box != null)
        {
            Brush textBrush = new SolidBrush(textColor);
            Brush borderBrush = new SolidBrush(borderColor);
            Pen borderPen = new Pen(borderBrush);
            SizeF strSize = g.MeasureString(box.Text, box.Font);
            Rectangle rect = new Rectangle(box.ClientRectangle.X,
                                           box.ClientRectangle.Y + (int)(strSize.Height / 2),
                                           box.ClientRectangle.Width - 1,
                                           box.ClientRectangle.Height - (int)(strSize.Height / 2) - 1);

            // Clear text and border
            g.Clear(this.BackColor);

            // Draw text
            g.DrawString(box.Text, box.Font, textBrush, box.Padding.Left, 0);

            // Drawing Border
            //Left
            g.DrawLine(borderPen, rect.Location, new Point(rect.X, rect.Y + rect.Height));
            //Right
            g.DrawLine(borderPen, new Point(rect.X + rect.Width, rect.Y), new Point(rect.X + rect.Width, rect.Y + rect.Height));
            //Bottom
            g.DrawLine(borderPen, new Point(rect.X, rect.Y + rect.Height), new Point(rect.X + rect.Width, rect.Y + rect.Height));
            //Top1
            g.DrawLine(borderPen, new Point(rect.X, rect.Y), new Point(rect.X + box.Padding.Left, rect.Y));
            //Top2
            g.DrawLine(borderPen, new Point(rect.X + box.Padding.Left + (int)(strSize.Width), rect.Y), new Point(rect.X + rect.Width, rect.Y));
        }
    }
34
user1944617

Simplemente configure la acción Paint en cualquier objeto (no solo botones) en este método para dibujar un borde.

    private void UserControl1_Paint(object sender, PaintEventArgs e)
    {
        ControlPaint.DrawBorder(e.Graphics, this.ClientRectangle, Color.Red, ButtonBorderStyle.Solid);

    }

Todavía no será bonito y redondeado como el original, pero es mucho más simple.

6
Andy

FWIW, esta es la implementación que utilicé. Es un elemento secundario de GroupBox, pero permite configurar no solo el BorderColor, sino también el grosor del borde y el radio de las esquinas redondeadas. Además, puede establecer la cantidad de sangría que desea para la etiqueta de GroupBox y usar sangría negativa desde el lado derecho.

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace BorderedGroupBox
{
    public class BorderedGroupBox : GroupBox
    {
        private Color _borderColor = Color.Black;
        private int _borderWidth = 2;
        private int _borderRadius = 5;
        private int _textIndent = 10;

        public BorderedGroupBox() : base()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            this.Paint += this.BorderedGroupBox_Paint;
        }

        public BorderedGroupBox(int width, float radius, Color color) : base()
        {
            this._borderWidth = Math.Max(1,width);
            this._borderColor = color;
            this._borderRadius = Math.Max(0,radius);
            InitializeComponent();
            this.Paint += this.BorderedGroupBox_Paint;
        }

        public Color BorderColor
        {
            get => this._borderColor;
            set
            {
                this._borderColor = value;
                DrawGroupBox();
            }
        }

        public int BorderWidth
        {
            get => this._borderWidth;
            set
            {
                if (value > 0)
                {
                    this._borderWidth = Math.Min(value, 10);
                    DrawGroupBox();
                }
            }
        }

        public int BorderRadius
        {
            get => this._borderRadius;
            set
            {   // Setting a radius of 0 produces square corners...
                if (value >= 0)
                {
                    this._borderRadius = value;
                    this.DrawGroupBox();
                }
            }
        }

        public int LabelIndent
        {
            get => this._textIndent;
            set
            {
                this._textIndent = value;
                this.DrawGroupBox();
            }
        }

        private void BorderedGroupBox_Paint(object sender, PaintEventArgs e) =>
            DrawGroupBox(e.Graphics);

        private void DrawGroupBox() =>
            this.DrawGroupBox(this.CreateGraphics());

        private void DrawGroupBox(Graphics g)
        {
            Brush textBrush = new SolidBrush(this.ForeColor);
            SizeF strSize = g.MeasureString(this.Text, this.Font);

            Brush borderBrush = new SolidBrush(this.BorderColor);
            Pen borderPen = new Pen(borderBrush,(float)this._borderWidth);
            Rectangle rect = new Rectangle(this.ClientRectangle.X,
                                            this.ClientRectangle.Y + (int)(strSize.Height / 2),
                                            this.ClientRectangle.Width - 1,
                                            this.ClientRectangle.Height - (int)(strSize.Height / 2) - 1);

            Brush labelBrush = new SolidBrush(this.BackColor);

            // Clear text and border
            g.Clear(this.BackColor);

            // Drawing Border (added "Fix" from Jim Fell, Oct 6, '18)
            int rectX = (0 == this._borderWidth % 2) ? rect.X + this._borderWidth / 2 : rect.X + 1 + this._borderWidth / 2;
            int rectHeight = (0 == this._borderWidth % 2) ? rect.Height - this._borderWidth / 2 : rect.Height - 1 - this._borderWidth / 2;
            // NOTE DIFFERENCE: rectX vs rect.X and rectHeight vs rect.Height
            g.DrawRoundedRectangle(borderPen, rectX, rect.Y, rect.Width, rectHeight, (float)this._borderRadius);

            // Draw text
            if (this.Text.Length > 0)
            {
                // Do some work to ensure we don't put the label outside
                // of the box, regardless of what value is assigned to the Indent:
                int width = (int)rect.Width, posX;
                posX = (this._textIndent < 0) ? Math.Max(0-width,this._textIndent) : Math.Min(width, this._textIndent);
                posX = (posX < 0) ? rect.Width + posX - (int)strSize.Width : posX;
                g.FillRectangle(labelBrush, posX, 0, strSize.Width, strSize.Height);
                g.DrawString(this.Text, this.Font, textBrush, posX, 0);
            }
        }

        #region Component Designer generated code
        /// <summary>Required designer variable.</summary>
        private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components = null;

        /// <summary>Clean up any resources being used.</summary>
        /// <param name="disposing">true if managed resources should be disposed; otherwise, false.</param>
        protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
        {
            if (disposing && (components != null))
                components.Dispose();

            base.Dispose(disposing);
        }

        /// <summary>Required method for Designer support - Don't modify!</summary>
        private void InitializeComponent() => components = new System.ComponentModel.Container();
        #endregion
    }
}

Para que funcione, también debe extender la clase de Gráficos base (Nota: esto se deriva de algún código que encontré aquí una vez cuando estaba tratando de crear un control de Panel de esquinas redondeadas, pero no puedo encontrar la publicación original para vincular aquí):

static class GraphicsExtension
{
    private static GraphicsPath GenerateRoundedRectangle(
        this Graphics graphics,
        RectangleF rectangle,
        float radius)
    {
        float diameter;
        GraphicsPath path = new GraphicsPath();
        if (radius <= 0.0F)
        {
            path.AddRectangle(rectangle);
            path.CloseFigure();
            return path;
        }
        else
        {
            if (radius >= (Math.Min(rectangle.Width, rectangle.Height)) / 2.0)
                return graphics.GenerateCapsule(rectangle);
            diameter = radius * 2.0F;
            SizeF sizeF = new SizeF(diameter, diameter);
            RectangleF arc = new RectangleF(rectangle.Location, sizeF);
            path.AddArc(arc, 180, 90);
            arc.X = rectangle.Right - diameter;
            path.AddArc(arc, 270, 90);
            arc.Y = rectangle.Bottom - diameter;
            path.AddArc(arc, 0, 90);
            arc.X = rectangle.Left;
            path.AddArc(arc, 90, 90);
            path.CloseFigure();
        }
        return path;
    }

    private static GraphicsPath GenerateCapsule(
        this Graphics graphics,
        RectangleF baseRect)
    {
        float diameter;
        RectangleF arc;
        GraphicsPath path = new GraphicsPath();
        try
        {
            if (baseRect.Width > baseRect.Height)
            {
                diameter = baseRect.Height;
                SizeF sizeF = new SizeF(diameter, diameter);
                arc = new RectangleF(baseRect.Location, sizeF);
                path.AddArc(arc, 90, 180);
                arc.X = baseRect.Right - diameter;
                path.AddArc(arc, 270, 180);
            }
            else if (baseRect.Width < baseRect.Height)
            {
                diameter = baseRect.Width;
                SizeF sizeF = new SizeF(diameter, diameter);
                arc = new RectangleF(baseRect.Location, sizeF);
                path.AddArc(arc, 180, 180);
                arc.Y = baseRect.Bottom - diameter;
                path.AddArc(arc, 0, 180);
            }
            else path.AddEllipse(baseRect);
        }
        catch { path.AddEllipse(baseRect); }
        finally { path.CloseFigure(); }
        return path;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rounded rectangle specified by a pair of coordinates, a width, a height and the radius
    /// for the arcs that make the rounded edges.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="brush">System.Drawing.Pen that determines the color, width and style of the rectangle.</param>
    /// <param name="x">The x-coordinate of the upper-left corner of the rectangle to draw.</param>
    /// <param name="y">The y-coordinate of the upper-left corner of the rectangle to draw.</param>
    /// <param name="width">Width of the rectangle to draw.</param>
    /// <param name="height">Height of the rectangle to draw.</param>
    /// <param name="radius">The radius of the arc used for the rounded edges.</param>
    public static void DrawRoundedRectangle(
        this Graphics graphics,
        Pen pen,
        float x,
        float y,
        float width,
        float height,
        float radius)
    {
        RectangleF rectangle = new RectangleF(x, y, width, height);
        GraphicsPath path = graphics.GenerateRoundedRectangle(rectangle, radius);
        SmoothingMode old = graphics.SmoothingMode;
        graphics.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.AntiAlias;
        graphics.DrawPath(pen, path);
        graphics.SmoothingMode = old;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rounded rectangle specified by a pair of coordinates, a width, a height and the radius
    /// for the arcs that make the rounded edges.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="brush">System.Drawing.Pen that determines the color, width and style of the rectangle.</param>
    /// <param name="x">The x-coordinate of the upper-left corner of the rectangle to draw.</param>
    /// <param name="y">The y-coordinate of the upper-left corner of the rectangle to draw.</param>
    /// <param name="width">Width of the rectangle to draw.</param>
    /// <param name="height">Height of the rectangle to draw.</param>
    /// <param name="radius">The radius of the arc used for the rounded edges.</param>

    public static void DrawRoundedRectangle(
        this Graphics graphics,
        Pen pen,
        int x,
        int y,
        int width,
        int height,
        int radius)
    {
        graphics.DrawRoundedRectangle(
            pen,
            Convert.ToSingle(x),
            Convert.ToSingle(y),
            Convert.ToSingle(width),
            Convert.ToSingle(height),
            Convert.ToSingle(radius));
    }
}
4
Brett Leuszler

No estoy seguro de que esto se aplique a todos los casos, pero gracias a este hilo, nos enganchamos rápidamente al evento Paint usando programáticamente:

GroupBox box = new GroupBox();
[...]
box.Paint += delegate(object o, PaintEventArgs p)
{
    p.Graphics.Clear(someColorHere);
};

¡Salud!

1
swajak

He logrado el mismo límite con algo que podría ser más fácil de entender para los novatos:

    private void groupSchitaCentru_Paint(object sender, PaintEventArgs e)
    {
        Pen blackPen = new Pen(Color.Black, 2);
        Point pointTopLeft = new Point(0, 7);
        Point pointBottomLeft = new Point(0, groupSchitaCentru.ClientRectangle.Height);
        Point pointTopRight = new Point(groupSchitaCentru.ClientRectangle.Width, 7);
        Point pointBottomRight = new Point(groupSchitaCentru.ClientRectangle.Width, groupSchitaCentru.ClientRectangle.Height);

        e.Graphics.DrawLine(blackPen, pointTopLeft, pointBottomLeft);
        e.Graphics.DrawLine(blackPen, pointTopLeft, pointTopRight);
        e.Graphics.DrawLine(blackPen, pointBottomRight, pointTopRight);
        e.Graphics.DrawLine(blackPen, pointBottomLeft, pointBottomRight);
    }
  1. Establezca el evento Paint en el control GroupBox. En este ejemplo, el nombre de mi control es "groupSchitaCentru". Uno necesita este evento debido a su parámetro e.
  2. Configure un objeto de lápiz haciendo uso de la clase System.Drawing.Pen: https://msdn.Microsoft.com/en-us/library/f956fzw1 (v = vs.110) .aspx
  3. Establezca los puntos que representan las esquinas del rectángulo representado por el control. Usó la propiedad ClientRectangle del control para obtener sus dimensiones. Solía ​​para TopLeft (0,7) porque quiero respetar los bordes del control y dibujar la línea sobre su texto. Para obtener más información sobre el sistema de coordenadas, camine aquí: https://docs.Microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/framework/winforms/windows-forms-coordinates

No sé, puede ser que ayude a alguien que busca lograr este ajuste de borde.

1
George